France commune

Joint statement by French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland Boris Johnson and President of the United States Joseph R. Biden, Jr. on Iran

We, the President of France, Chancellor of Germany, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and President of the United States, gathered today in Rome to discuss the risks posed to international security by the escalation of the nuclear program of Iran. We expressed our determination to ensure that Iran could never develop or acquire a nuclear weapon and shared our grave and growing concern that as Iran halted negotiations on a return to the Plan of Action Global Common (JCPOA) since June, it has accelerated the pace of provocative nuclear steps, such as the production of highly enriched uranium and enriched uranium metal. Iran has no credible civilian need for either measure, but both are important for nuclear weapons programs.

These measures have only been made more alarming by Iran’s simultaneous reduced cooperation and transparency with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). We agreed that continued Iranian nuclear advances and obstacles to the work of the IAEA will jeopardize the possibility of a return to the JCPOA.

The current situation underscores the importance of a negotiated solution that provides for the return of Iran and the United States in full compliance with the JCPOA and provides the basis for continued diplomatic engagement to resolve remaining points of contention – to both our concerns and those of Iran. With that in mind, we welcome President Biden‘s clearly demonstrated commitment to return the United States to full compliance with the JCPOA and to remain in full compliance, as long as Iran does the same.

We are convinced that it is possible to quickly reach and implement a return to full compliance agreement and to ensure in the long term that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful purposes.

Returning to JCPOA compliance will lead to the lifting of sanctions with lasting implications for Iran’s economic growth. This will only be possible if Iran changes course. We call on President Raisi to seize this opportunity and resume a good faith effort to conclude our negotiations as a matter of urgency. This is the only sure way to avoid a dangerous escalation, which is not in the interest of any country.

We welcome the regional diplomatic efforts of our Gulf partners to defuse tensions and note that a return to the JCPOA would result in both the lifting of sanctions allowing for strengthened regional partnerships and a reduction in the risk of a nuclear crisis that would derail regional diplomacy. We also affirm our common determination to address the broader security concerns raised by Iran’s actions in the region.

We are determined to continue to work closely with the Russian Federation, the People’s Republic of China and the High Representative of the European Union, as coordinator, to resolve this crucial issue.