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France divided: what does the fractured vote mean for Macron’s second term? | France

Anyway – and as obvious as the observation may seem – the second round which returned Emmanuel Macron to the Élysée for a second term, with a score of 58.5% against 41.5% for Marine Le Pen, showed that France was divided. country.

But it’s complicated.

Geographically, first. The vote for what was Jean-Marie Le Pen’s Front National and is now his daughter’s National Rally (RN) has long been analyzed in this way, but the gradual normalization of the far-right party has made it less salient.

France’s post-vote map shows Macron enjoying broad support in Paris, the west, south-west and center of the country, while Le Pen won a landslide victory across swaths of his heart of the north and north-east and south of the Mediterranean.

It is also a tradition to note that the RN does better in struggling rural and peri-urban France, and Macron has duly won the big cities, getting over 80% in Paris, Nantes, Rennes and Bordeaux and over 70% in Lyons, Strasbourg, Toulouse. and Lille.

But the president’s vote held up pretty well in many small towns as well, and in many parts of the campaign Le Pen – even though his scores were generally higher there – only managed to tie. It seems a more complex picture than it was.

“The biggest divisions are above all generational and social”, says Mathieu Gallard, the research director of the polling company Ipsos France. “A look at the detailed commune-by-commune map shows that the rural-urban divide really does not correspond to reality.”

What were these generational divides? Also according to data from Ipsos, the youngest voters, aged 18 to 24, voted 61% for Macron – even if 41% in this age group did not vote at all – with the 25 -34 years old and 35-49 years old. the old ones follow suit, but with lower margins: 51% and 53%.