In April 2022, 54,145 first-time asylum seekers (third-country nationals) applied for international protection in EU Member States, up 66% compared to April 2021 (32,570) and down 28% compared to March 2022 (74,950) .
The decrease from March to April 2022 can largely be attributed to the decrease in the number of first-time applicants from Ukraine (from 12,885 in March to 1,510 in April; -88%), whose number had increased in March due to Russia’s military aggression on Ukraine.
As of April 2022, there were also 5,555 subsequent claimants (people who re-applyed for asylum after a decision was made on a previous claim). This figure was up 2% from April 2021 and down 16% from March 2022.
This information comes from the monthly asylum data published today by Eurostat. The article presents some findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article on monthly asylum statistics.
Source dataset: migr_asyappctzm
Most first-time asylum seekers were Afghans
In April 2022, Afghans constituted the largest group of asylum seekers (7,255 first-time applicants). They were followed by Syrians (6,485), ahead of Venezuelans (3,655), Colombians (2,705) and Turks (2,600).
Germany registers the highest number of first-time asylum seekers
With 12,465 registered first-time applicants in April 2022, Germany accounted for 23% of all first-time applicants in the EU. Germany was followed by France (9,540.18%), ahead of Spain (7,695.14%), Italy (4,700.9%), Austria (4,690.9%) and the Netherlands (2,230.4%). Together, these six Member States accounted for more than three-quarters (76%) of all first-time applicants in the EU.
2,260 unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in the EU, half of whom were Afghans
In April 2022, among the EU Member States for which data is available, 2,260 unaccompanied minors applied for asylum for the first time, up 73% compared to April 2021 (1,310) and down 15% compared to March 2022 (2,650).
Most unaccompanied minors who applied for asylum in April 2022 came from Afghanistan (1,130), Syria (375) and Pakistan (115).
Austria (610), Germany (370) and Bulgaria (340) are the three Member States which received the highest number of asylum applications from unaccompanied minors in April 2022.
For more information:
- Due to temporary derogations, data on subsequent applicants is not available for Denmark, Cyprus and Sweden, and on unaccompanied minor asylum seekers for France, Cyprus and Poland. Therefore, these Member States have not been included in the calculation of the respective EU totals. A full list of these derogations is provided in Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/431.
- The statistics on asylum seekers considered as unaccompanied minors presented in the article refer to the age accepted by the national authorities, but before the age assessment procedure is carried out/completed (i.e. i.e. they refer to the age declared by the applicant).
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