Queen Elizabeth II has passed a number of milestones during her record 70 years on the throne.
Elizabeth reigned for 70 years and almost four months, longer than any other monarch in British history. The previous record was held by his great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, who reigned for 63 years, seven months and two days until 1901.
At 96, Elizabeth is the world’s oldest current monarch and head of state.
Only two kings have reigned longer: French Louis XIV – more than 72 years between 1643 and 1715 – and Thai Bhumibol Adulyadej – 70 years and four months, until his death in October 2016.
The Queen has traveled to more than 100 countries since 1952 – another record for a British monarch – and has made more than 150 visits to Commonwealth countries.
She has been to Canada 22 times, more than any other country. In Europe, she has visited France the most – 13 times – and speaks the language.
The Daily Telegraph calculated that she had traveled the equivalent of 42 times around the world before stopping her overseas travels in November 2015 at the age of 89.
Her longest trip abroad lasted 168 days from November 1953 to May 1954 during which she visited 13 countries.
As a 21-year-old princess, Elizabeth has dedicated her life to service to the Commonwealth.
As Queen, she carried out some 21,000 engagements, gave royal assent to 4,000 pieces of legislation and hosted 112 state visits from foreign heads of state.
Among those she hosted were Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (1954), Emperor of Japan Hirohito (1971), President Lech Walesa of Poland (1991) and US President Barack Obama (2011).
Over 180 garden parties have been held at Buckingham Palace, attended by over 1.5 million people.
Politics and religion
A total of 14 British Prime Ministers have served under the Queen. His first was Winston Churchill (1952-1955) and the last is Boris Johnson, since 2019.
She holds regular private meetings with her prime minister of the day, usually at Buckingham Palace on a weekly basis.
Elizabeth II has met 13 of the last 14 US presidents except Lyndon B Johnson. His last White House visitor was Joe Biden in 2021.
The Queen is the Supreme Governor of the Church of England, a position that dates back to the founding of the Church under Henry VIII in the 16th century.
She met four popes during official visits – John XXIII (1961), John Paul II (1980, 1982 and 2000), Benedict XVI (2010) and Francis I (2014).
The Queen has sent some 300,000 congratulatory cards to centenarians and more than 900,000 to couples celebrating 60 years of marriage.
She was married for 73 years, another record for a British monarch. Her husband Prince Philip died aged 99 in April last year.
The Queen has posed for more than 200 portraits since she was seven years old. Most were painted in a traditional style. But Lucien Freud’s 2001 one proved controversial: one reviewer said it made his majesty look like one of his corgi dogs.
In 1996, the Queen became the first British monarch to visit mainland China. She was also the first to address the House of Representatives in Washington.
She sent her first email on March 26, 1976 during a visit to a Department of Defense research facility.
In 1997 she launched the Buckingham Palace website and in 2014 sent her first tweet. Three years ago, she made her Instagram debut.
The Queen is the only monarch to have jumped from a helicopter with James Bond and parachuted during the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. Type of.
She and her beloved corgis made an appearance at the 2012 London Games with 007 actor Daniel Craig, before a stuntman made the jump.
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